What is it?
It is a special urine test that is used in pre-diagnosis and clinical follow-up of diseases progressing with excretion of substances, which should not be present normally in urine, mainly COVID-19, is performed by foaming of urine and therefore defined as “foaming test”.
What to Look for
Viruses are infectious agents containing their own genetic structures, protein structures and amino acid structures, which are the sub-sequences of these protein structures, and that are only visible with a microscope. The virus causing Covid-19 disease (Sars Cov-2) is also a RNA virus having its own genetic structure, protein and amino acid structures.
Sars Cov-2 reproduces rapidly as soon as it enters the body. In the meantime, it begins to create some metabolic and chemical changes start to occur in the body before clinical symptoms and lung findings are developed. Some of these changes can be followed by blood, urine and tests.
As the virus load in the body increases, the viral structures, metabolites of the viral structures and some substances formed arising from the problems indirectly caused by the virus also begin to be excreted from the body by urine. The excretion rate is directly related to the infectivity of the virus, the number of the virus infecting the individual, the strength of the individual’s immune system, the individual’s metabolism and his/her other diseases.
The reactant (MSK) available in the foaming test and specifically prepared in the laboratory reacts with both some substances belonging to the virus and metabolites of these substances and with some substances which are caused by the virus and should not be normally present in the urine, and the sample in the test tube will foam. The foaming rate increases in direct proportion to the viral load in the body. Less foam will be formed in people with lower viral load, and more foam will be formed in people with higher viral load.
As a result of the date obtained from laboratory studies in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and in healthy individuals who have not had COVID-19, a color scale has been formed on the test tube. Foaming test results will be evaluated based on this color scale.
How To Use?
Urine Sample Collection for the Use of the COVID-19 Screening Test Kit and Using the Test
Results Evaluation Chart
Red Zone: It is a “critical” clinical picture indicating intense viral load (and/or substances that should not be present in the urine) in the urine. These individuals must immediately apply to a fully-equipped healthcare facility. Even if these people do not have any symptoms, they must be evaluated in detail in terms of both Covid-19 and urinary system disorders.
Orange Zone: It is an “adverse” clinical picture indicating increased viral load (and/or substances that should not be present in the urine) in the urine. These individuals must immediately apply to a fully-equipped healthcare facility, and they also must be evaluated in terms of both Covid-19 and urinary system disorders.
Yellow Zone: It is a “suspected” clinical picture indicating little viral load (and/or substances that should not be present in the urine) in the urine. These individuals are required to be followed.
Green Zone: There is no viral load in the urine. It is the “favorable” clinical picture. The green zone in the foaming test result of the patients diagnosed with Covid-19 positive and started treatment is interpreted as the treatment process has been successful and the virus load in the body eliminated.
Foaming Test (Covid-19 Test Kit)
Certificates and Document